In Korea’s historical Three Kingdom Era, Go-gu-ryuh (高句麗) was established BC 37- 668 AD in what is now Southern Manchuria. Go-gu-ryuh brought a sudden flourishing of the arts. In Go-gur-yuh developed a unique martial arts system which cultivated a strong mind, strong character and strong body. This system included a self-defense system called “Ho-Shin-Sul” ( 護身術). This is now known as “Hap Ki Do”(合氣道). This system remained intact and active in what is now known as North Korea. Hap Ki Do was brought to what is now South Korea during the Korean Conflict (1950-1953).
In 1953, Grand Master Lee Dong Gu(李東九) brought his martial art from North Korea which traces its lineage to the Go-gu-ryuh (高句麗) Ho Shin Sul. South Korea had never before known this system. Lee’s head instructor, Yoon Byung Ock(尹炳玉), established the Ho Shin Do ( 護身道) Gymnasium in Seoul Korea and continues this lineage as the Chairman of the World Ho Shin Do Federation and Headquarters as Grandmaster at Yoon’s Hap Ki Do School, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Grandmaster Ji Han Jae of Ki Do (氣道) approached Grandmaster Yoon Byung Ock at the Ho Shin Do headquarters with an idea to create an association named the “Korea Hap Ki Do Association”. This association established in 1958.
Although allied in the HKD association, the two martial art systems were and are very distinct from each other. Yoon’s Ho Shin Do, now known as Yoon’s Hap Ki Do, includes many special kicking techniques that were not included in Ji’s Ki Do. There are in Ho Shin Do the special 14-feet-high jumping spin kicks, jumping scissor kicks, jumping double front kicks, and jumping “Y” kicks. It also includes “Dan-Juhn Ho-Hoep” ( 丹田呼吸- abdominal breathing). Furthermore, Yoon’s Hap Ki Do black belt students also learn acupuncture (針術), Qi Gong acupressure (指壓術), and healing techniques(仁術).
From 1960 to 1975, Grandmaster Yoon’s career was as an instructor of self-defense for the Korean President’s Green(Blue) House(靑瓦臺) body guards and the Korean CIA. He was also a military instructor for the ROKMC and CID. Yoon emmigrated to Canada in 1975, and is still active as grandmaster, with branch schools in France, Greece, Korea, and the United States. He also has a flourishing global career as a noted oriental doctor.
History of Korean Martial Arts
After the WW II, Japanese surrender, Korean Martial Arts there were three schools that were finally able to openly organizing starting in 1945:
Moo Duk Kwan(武德館) - Hwa Soo Do(花手道), Tang Soo Do(唐手道), Soo Bahk Do(手博道)
Founder: Hwang Kee(黃琦) Kwan Jang Nim(館長任)1945.
Lineage: Hwa Rang Do(花郞道) & Soo Bahk Do(手博道).
Chung Do Kwan(靑道館)
Founder: Lee Won Kuk (李元國)1945
Yun Moo Kwan(演武館) – Kwon Sul (拳術) (Peking Boxing system)
Founder: Sup Chun Sang 1945
The next year, more schools organized:
Chang Moo Kwan(滄武館)
Founder: Yoon Byung 1946
Chi Do Kwan地道館)
Founder: Yon Kue Pyang 1946
More schools followed into the next decade:
Song Moo Kwan:(宋武館) – karade (空手道)
Founder: Ro Byung Chik 1953~54
Oh Do Kwan(吳道館)
Founder: Choi Hong Hi 1953~54
Ji Do Kwan(地道館)
Founder: Yun Gae Byang 1953~54
Tae Kwon Do(跆拳道) was formed in April 1955.
Through this time, there was a parallel introduction of martial arts from a Japanese lineage. In 1946, Grandmaster Choi Yong Sul returned to Korea from Japan, bringing with him Takeda-Ryu, and Aiki-Jutsu. This Japanese system is now known as “Kuk-Sul Won” Hap Ki Do. Upon establishment, Choi did not include a strong, complete set of kicking techniques; using only a few kicks to the knee and groin.